FSSAI Issues Note Related To Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) For Functional Foods

FSSAI Issues Note Related To Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) For Functional Foods

The Food Safety and Standards (Health Supplements, Nutraceuticals, Food for Special Dietary, Food for Special Medical Purpose, Functional Food and Novel Food Regulation, 2016 specifies the use of nutrientsup to a limit of one RDA+ specified by ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).If the standards are not provided in ICMR reports, CODEX standards can be applied.[+Recommended […]

The Food Safety and Standards (Health Supplements, Nutraceuticals, Food for Special Dietary, Food for Special Medical Purpose, Functional Food and Novel Food Regulation, 2016 specifies the use of nutrientsup to a limit of one RDA+ specified by ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).If the standards are not provided in ICMR reports, CODEX standards can be applied.[+Recommended Dietary Allowance]

Regarding this, there is a lot of confusion in the whole country, manufacturers, and nutritional consultants. Several questions are pouring to FSSAI including all the mentioned stakeholders and even regulatory bodies about the actual RDA values to refer. So, the scientific bodies at FSSAI decided to make a document which collaborated the RDA values of micronutrients from the references of ICMR and CODEX.

Recommended RDA of Vitamins for Indians:

Gender
Age group
Vitamin A
(mg/day)
Thiamin
(mg/day)
Riboflavin
(mg/day)
Niacin
(mg/dl)
Pyridoxine
(mg/day)
Vitamin C
(mg/day)
Retinol
b-carotene
Infants
0-6 months
6-12months
_
350
_
2800
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.4
710mg/kg
650mg/kg
0.1
0.4
25
Children
1-3 years
4-6 years
7-9 years
400
400
600
3200
4800
0.5
0.7
0.8
0.6
0.8
1.0
8
11
13
0.9
0.9
1.6
40
Boys
10-12 years
600
4800
1.1 1.3 15 1.6 40
Girls 10-12 years 600 4800 1.0 1.2 13 1.6 40
Boys 13-15 years 600 4800 1.4 1.6 16 2.0 40
Girls 13-15 years 600 4800 1.2 1.4 14 2.0 40
Boys 16-17 years 600 4800 1.5 1.8 17 2.0 40
Girls 16-17 years 600 4800 1.0 1.2 14 2.0
Men Sedentary work

Moderate work

Heavy work

 

 

600

 

 

4800

1.2

1.4

1.7

1.4

1.6

2.1

16

18

21

2.0 40
Women Sedentary work

Moderate work

Heavy work

Pregnancy

Lactation

 

 

600

 

800

950

 

 

4800

 

6400

7600

1

1.1

1.4

+0.2

+0.3

1.1

1.3

1.7

+0.3

+0.4

12

14

16

+4

+5

 

2.0

 

 

2.5

2.5

40

 

 

60

80

 RDA for Energy, Protein, Fat, Calcium and Minerals for Indians:

Gender
Age group
Body weight

(kg)

Net Energy
(kcal/d)
Proteins
(g/day)
Fats
Calcium
(mg/day)
Iron
(mg/day)
Zinc
(mg/day)
Magnesium
(mg/day)
Men
Sedentary work
Moderate work
Heavy work
60
2320
2730
3490
60
25
30
40
600
17
21
12 340
Women
Sedentary work
Moderate work
Heavy work
Pregnancy
Lactation
55
1900
2230
2850
+350
+600
55
+23
+19
30
30
600
1200
1200
35
21
10

12

310
Infants
0-6 months
6-12months
5.4
8.4
92 kcal/kg/d*
80 kcal/kg/d*
1.16g/kg/day
_
19
500
46µg/kg/day
5
30
Children
(Boys+Girls)
1-3 years
4-6 years
7-9 years
12.9
18.0
25.1
1060
1350
1690
16.7
20.1
29.5
27
25
30
600
09
13
16
5

7

8

45

50

70

100

Boys 10-12 years 34.3 2190 39.9 35 800 21 9 120
Girls 10-12 years 35 2010 40.4 35 800 27 9 160
Boys 13-15 years 47.6 2750 54.3 45 800 32 11 165
Girls 13-15 years 46.6 2330 51.9 40 800 27 11 210
Boys 16-17 years 55.4 3020 61.5 50 800 28 12 195
Girls 16-17 years 52.1 2440 55.5 35 800 26 12 235

RDA of more nutrients not included in the above table:

S. no.
Vitamin
RDA
1.
Vitamin D*
400(IU)
2.
Vitamin E*
7.5-10 mg α-tocopherol
3.
Vitamin K*(K1,K2)
55 µg
4.
Biotin**
30µg
5.
Pantothenic acid**
5 mg
Sl no. Mineral RDA
1. Chloride#(AI) §  Children 1 to 3 years:1500 mg

§  Children 4 to 8 years:1900 mg

§  Men & Women (9 years and above): 1800 to 2300 mg

§  Pregnant & Lactating women: 2300 mg

2. Chromium*(AI) 50µg
3. Copper*(AI) 1.7 mg
4. Iodine* §  Children (1 to 5 years):90 µg

§  Children(6 to 12 years): 120 µg

§  Adolescents and adults(≥13 years):150 µg

§  Pregnant & Lactating women: 250 µg

5. Manganese*(AI) 4.0 mg
6. Molybdenum** 45µg
7. Phosphorus* §  Children(1 to 9 years):600 mg

§  Boys & Girls(10-17 years): 800 mg

§  Men & Women: 600 mg

§  Pregnant & Lactating women:1200 mg

8. Potassium* §  Children(1 to 3 years):1100 mg

§  Children(4 to 6 years):1550 mg

§  Men:3750 mg

§  Women:3225 mg

9. Selenium* 40µg
10. Sodium* §  Children(1-3 years):590 mg

§  Children(4-6 years): 1010 mg

§  Men:2100 mg

§  Women:1900 mg

*ICMR Nutrient requirements and RDA for Indians-A Report of the Expert Group of ICMR, 2010.

** Codex (cac/GL 2 -1985 Guidelines on nutrition labelling

Where the age-wise RDAs are available then RDA values for men and women (sedentary work) may be considered as standards reference or the single value can be taken for all age groups. The Food Safety and Standards (Health Supplements, Nutraceuticals, Food for Special Dietary, Food for Special Medical Purpose, Functional Food and Novel Food Regulation, 2016 is not applicable to infants up to the age of 24 months. RDA referred here in the document for the age of 0 to 24 months will not be applicable to the said regulations.

Conversion units mentioned in the Report of Expert Committee of ICMR

  • Vitamin A:1 µg=3.33 IU
  • Vitamin D: 1 µg= 40 IU
  • Vitamin E: 1 mg= 1.5 IU d-alpha-tocopherol, or 1.1 IU dl-alpha-tocopherol
  • Folic acid: 1 µg=1.7 DFE(Dietary Folate Equivalent)

This reference RDA is effective till authorities release thenew RDA proposed by ICMR.

References:

  1. Note_Dietary_Allowance_27_02_2019.pdf.Available at: https://archive.fssai.gov.in/dam/jcr…/Note_Dietary_Allowance_27_02_2019.pdf. Accessible on: 03.07.2019.
  1. NIN Working group. Dietary guidelines for Indians-A manual. Second Edition 2011.Available at: http://ninindia.org/DietaryGuidelinesforNINwebsite.pdf. Accessible on: 03.07.2019

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